How many times have you had to hem your pants and have you had to go to a tailor shop to fix it and have you spent 20 euros? In this article we will guide you step-by-step in the world of sewing machines, so from today on the too long hem on the trousers (and not only) of your boys or your husband, you can do it yourself at home and without any difficulty. . Obviously, getting the sewing machine that best suits your needs. In addition to providing you with information on the technical characteristics, we will offer you a complete overview of the main products on the market both in Italy and in the world.
This guide is intended to inform and guide you, to allow you to choose the best machine, for what it will be used for. Modern machines still recall the ancient ones in some functions, such as the pedal, but today they are completely automatic and much easier to use. An electric motor has been inserted inside them to facilitate the work of seamstresses. In the table in the next paragraph, we will compare different models, which will highlight the most important characteristics, which are nothing more than those to be taken into account when making a possible choice. In the following paragraphs some combinations will be proposed, comparisons and we will explain in more detail the functioning of this ancient instrument.
How to choose the sewing Machine:
Choosing a machine is not easy, but thanks to our advice it will be a little more so. The choice must be made based on some factors, ranging from sewing experience to the level of use, up to the preference of one brand over another. However, one of the main factors is the price. Excluding the super cheap models or perhaps a portable machine (useful when traveling and on the move), if we move towards a “serious” model the cost immediately exceeds 100 euros, professional sewing machines can even have very high costs , well above the high end. for more information
Another factor to consider when choosing the one that best suits your needs is the usage time. If you plan to use the sewing machine several times a week or in any case for several hours a day, you should go for a semi-professional model at least. Those for home use, a little cheaper, may only be suitable for those who use it infrequently and only a few times a month. Another important factor is the functions and accessories. Even if it is not clear how it will be used in the future, it is still necessary to make sure that it has some fundamental functions, such as the semi-automatic eyelets, the possibility of adjusting the stitches, both in width and in length and the function for the stitch. elastic.
The type of hook is also very important when choosing a machine. The oscillating type hook offers performance not up to par and a shorter duration over time, compared to the rotary hook. In fact, all industrial sewing machine models use the rotary hook, for continuous and exhaustive use. There is some oscillating type of good workmanship, but never that can match the rotary type. Last but not least, it is the thickness of the material that will be treated. Whether it’s fine materials or thicker materials, two things are important. In the first case the conveyor must not curl the fabric and go too fast, in the second case the conveyor must be able to not slip and in this regard it is necessary to check that the foot is adjustable in height.
What parts is it made of:
The sewing machine is made up of various fundamental elements. It may seem trivial, but the first to be identified, which generally changes from model to model, is the switch on button. Usually red in color to be more visible, but this too can vary depending on the manufacturer. Then there is the spool holder. It is usually placed at the top of the machine, it is made of metal or plastic and is used to hold the spool of thread. Another important part of the machine is the thread guide, which carries the thread from the aforementioned spool down to the bobbin. It is usually made of metal and is perpendicular to the needle.
Parts of the sewing machine:
In addition to the spool pin, we also have the winder spool. Work together with the first spool, in fact it is placed close to bring the thread on the spool. Then we should have the buttons for adjusting the point. Depending on the model, obviously the position changes, but they are fundamental buttons for varying the length and direction of the stitch. Another important part is the thread take-up lever. This is generally made of plastic or metal, in practice the wire, which comes from the spool, is passed inside this lever. A sewing machine is then composed of a tension selector, as easily understood from the name, this controls the thread tension while sewing.
Next to the needle there should be a small screw clamp. This screw is used to hold the needle still while sewing. It is usually located to the right of the needle and looks like a large screw sticking out of it. Under the needle is the presser foot. It looks like little skis, and holds the fabric in place while sewing. This foot is raised and lowered by means of a lever that is usually found on the back of the machine, however near the needle. Under the needle and at the foot, we have the plate, usually silver in color, very easy to identify. Inside, which protrudes slightly, we have the fabric conveyor, a metal guide that makes the fabric slide while sewing. The last fundamental part of the sewing machine is the compartment for the spool and the complex release mechanism. Needless to put into words how this works, it’s quite complicated, but you need to know that’s what allows your sewing machine!