What is a Gall Bladder Removal Surgery?

Introduction

Gallbladder removal is a surgery to detach the gallbladder by a single, large cut in the abdomen. It’s also called an open cholecystectomy. Doctors execute the procedure to give enduring comfort to a person with gallstones and other problems combined with the gallbladder.

The gallbladder is a small organ placed on the underside of the liver. Its primary purpose is bile storage. The liver forms bile, a substance that supports the body breaks down and absorbs fats. The gallbladder then accumulates the extra bile of the liver forms. It discharges bile when you eat a meal with fats that need to be digested.

According to the Gall bladder removal surgery in Los Angeles, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the most common type of gallbladder removal surgery performed. It’s a minimally invasive surgery. However, open gallbladder surgeries are still used for a variety of people, especially those who have scar tissue or other anatomical complications from prior abdominal surgeries.

Why open gallbladder removal is done

Unfortunately, the gallbladder isn’t always the most powerful organ. Bile can be massive and discover blockages along the pathway where it typically empties. The gallbladder is also prone to develop gallstones in certain people.

Gallstones are hard deposits of substances in the bile that can get stuck inside the gallbladder and bile ducts. They can be as short as a grain of sand or as huge as a golf ball. Gallstones can also advantage to acute or chronic gallbladder pain, sometimes with a combined infection, which can provoke:

  • Bloating
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Further Pain
A surgeon will remove your gallbladder if gallstones cause significant pain and other complications. 
The risks of open gallbladder removal
Open gallbladder removal is considered a safe operation. Complications are rare. However, every surgical procedure carries some risks. Ahead of the procedure, your doctor will execute a complete physical examination and medical history to minimize these risks.

Risks of open gallbladder removal include:

  • Allergic reaction to anaesthesia or other drugs.
  • Excessive bleeding.
  • Blood clots
  • Damage to blood vessels.
  • Heart problems, such as rapid heart rate, heart attack, or heart failure.
  • Infection.
  • Injury to the bile ducts or small intestine.
  • Pancreatitis. 

How to prepare for open gallbladder removal

Prior to surgery, you’ll undergo several tests to ensure you’re healthy enough for the procedure. These will include blood tests and imaging tests of your gallbladder.

You may need to have additional imaging studies, such as a chest X-ray or an EKG, depending on your medical history. A complete physical exam and record of your medical history will also be needed.

Your doctor will give you outright instructions on the best way for you to prepare for surgery.

These instructions may include:

  • Arrange to have someone stay with you immediately after surgery and drive you home.
  • Fast (no eating or drinking) for at least four hours or more before surgery.
  • Plan for a hospital stays in the eventuality of complications.
How an open gallbladder removal is performed

Whenever possible, laparoscopic surgery is preferred over traditional open surgery. This is because it’s less invasive and usually has a shorter recovery time.

Diet after the gallbladder removal surgery

There’s no common diet that people should follow after gallbladder removal surgery. In general, it’s best to avoid fatty, greasy, processed, and sugary foods. Eating these foods after having your gallbladder removed won’t cause serious health problems, but it can lead to a lot of painful gas, bloating, and diarrhea.

Results

The Gallbladder removal surgery is executed if you have a stone, infection, or other defects on your gallbladder. It is completely safe, and the risk of this surgery is minimal.